Optometrists often specialize in work with sports vision, contact lenses, or vision therapy. Others work exclusively with children, the elderly, or people who require unique devices to see. The majority of optometrists work in a general practice. Others consult, teach, or conduct research.

Optometrists with their own clinics are also responsible for office business and duties. They must keep their own records, acquire a patient base, order supplies, and hire other employees when needed.
There are numerous specializations courses; in different areas of Eye Care, available worldwide M.Sc., M. Phil. and PhD programs are also options available for a graduate aiming to pursue higher studies. Optometrist is also eligible to apply for the foreign and local scholarships for higher studies offered by the Higher Education Commission, Govt. of Pakistan