Physical therapy is a dynamic healthcare profession with strong theoretical and research based scientific foundation. It primarily focuses on the patients that have musculoskeletal, neuromuscular, cardiopulmonary, vestibular and integumentary systems’ impairments leading to functional disabilities. It also focuses on method of evaluating functions of these systems and on the selection and application of appropriate therapeutic interventions to alleviate pain; to eliminate impairments; to maintain, improve, or restore function; and to prevent dysfunction. Additionally the field of physical therapy is well developed in specializations such as sports physical therapy; women’s health; prosthetics and orthotics; lymph edema; and burns/wound care.
Physical therapists work closely with all healthcare professionals in providing care to the patients. They work in all settings including acute, sub-acute, chronic, in-patient and out-patient facilities. Physical therapists have an elaborate role in the treatment of pediatric and geriatric populations that have movement dysfunctions.
The profession of Physical therapy has enormously developed within last century in the developed countries like USA, UK, Canada, and Australia. In Pakistan we are also pursuing the higher standards of medicine set forth by the developed countries like USA and UK. Doctor of Physical Therapy’s curriculum has been developed while keeping in lieu with the requirements posed by international practice standards. There is a big research component built into the curriculum to keep up with the evidence based physical therapy practice.